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Gum disease has two different stages: the gingivitis stage and the periodontitis stage. Both of these stages are harmful for your smile, but one is milder than the other. To help you know more about these stages so you better understand the disease, our Donald H Bohne DDS PA dental team is happy to provide the following information:

Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease that is also the mildest stage. It begins when you fail to remove the plaque from the surfaces of your teeth with regular brushing, flossing, and rinsing as well as regular visits to your dental office. The plaque irritates your gums and makes them red and swollen. It even makes them bleed easily when you brush and floss and also causes consistent bad breath. The best way to reverse this disease is to receive a professional dental cleaning and make improvements to your daily oral hygiene routine.

Periodontitis

If your gingivitis is left untreated, it can advance into periodontitis. This happens when the plaque turns into tartar and it spreads and grows below the gumline. Then, the toxins in the tartar irritate the gums and deteriorate the underlying bone and tissues. In addition, your gums tend to recede from the base of your teeth, creating pockets. As time goes by, the pockets fill with infection. If this isn’t treated with laser periodontal therapy, scaling and root planing treatments, or antibiotics, the disease could cause loose and lost teeth.

Now that you know all about gum disease, it’s time to do all you can to prevent it. The first thing you need to do is visit Dr. Donald Bohne every six months for a routine cleaning and exam. This is vital because the treatment involved is the only treatment that can completely remove plaque from your smile. The second thing you need to do is stay diligent in your oral hygiene routine. This includes brushing twice a day and flossing and rinsing once a day.

For more information about gum disease in Tucker, Georgia, please call our office at 770-939-6600 at your earliest convenience. Our dental team will be more than happy to give you the details you’re looking for!